Implementation of CsLIS/NES in linalool biosynthesis involves transcript splicing regulation
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Implementation of CsLIS/NES in linalool biosynthesis involves transcript splicing regulation in Camellia sinensis


Guofeng Liu, Jingjing Liu, Zhirong He, Fumin Wang, Huang Yang, Yifeng Yan, Mingjun Gao, Margaret Y. Gruber, Xiaochun Wan, Shu Wei *


Plant Cell Environ. 2017 Sep 29.  doi: 10.1111/pce.13080.


Volatile terpenoids produced in tea plants (Camellia sinensis) are airborne signals interacting against other ecosystem members, but also pleasant odorants of tea products. Transcription regulation (including transcript processing) is pivotal for plant volatile terpenoid production. In this study, a terpene synthase gene CsLIS/NES was recovered from tea plants (C. sinensis cv. 'Long-Men Xiang'). CsLIS/NES transcription regulation resulted in two splicing forms: CsLIS/NES-1 and CsLIS/NES-2 lacking a 305 bp-fragment at N-terminus, both producing (E)-nerolidol and linalool in vitro. Transgenic tobacco studies and a gene-specific antisense oligo-deoxynucleotide (AsODN) suppression applied in tea leaves indicated that CsLIS/NES-1, localized in chloroplasts, acted as linalool synthase while CsLIS/NES-2 localized in cytosol, functioned as a potential nerolidol synthase, but not linalool synthase. Expression patterns of the two transcript isoforms in tea were distinctly different and responded differentially to the application of stress signal molecule methyl jasmonate (MeJA). Leaf expression of CsLIS/NES-1, but not CsLIS/NES-2, was significantly induced by MeJA. Our data indicated that distinct transcript splicing regulation patterns, together with subcellular compartmentation of CsLIS/NE-1 and CsLIS/NE-2 implemented the linalool biosynthesis regulation in tea plants in responding to endogenous and exogenous regulatory factors.

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