LC-MS-Based Metabolomics Reveals the Chemical Changes of Polyphenols during High-Temperature
 
作者: 文章来源: 点击数: 更新日期:2019-06-14
Title

LC-MS-Based Metabolomics Reveals the Chemical Changes of Polyphenols during High-Temperature Roasting of Large-Leaf Yellow Tea

Authors

Jie Zhou, You Wu, Piaopiao Long, Chi-Tang Ho, Yijun Wang, Zhipeng Kan, Luting Cao, Liang Zhang*, Xiaochun Wan*

Journal

Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry

DOI

10.1021/acs.jafc.8b05062

Abstract

Large-leaf yellow tea (LYT) is made from mature tea leaves with stems and has unique sensory characteristics different from other teas. To study the chemical changes of LYT during processing, samples were collected from each step for quantitative and qualitative analyses by high-performance liquid chromatography and liquid chromatographymass spectrometry (LC-MS). LC-MS-based nontargeted and targeted metabolomics analyses revealed that the tea sample after roasting was markedly different from samples before roasting, with the levels of epicatechins and free amino acids significantly decreased, but the epimerized catechins increased dramatically. After accounting for common compounds in tea, N-ethyl-2- pyrrolidinone-substituted flavan-3-ols were found to be the marker compounds responsible for the classification of all samples, as they rapidly rose with increasing processing temperature. These findings suggested that the predominant changes in the tea constituents during large-leaf yellow tea roasting were the thermally induced degradation and epimerization of catechins and the formation of N-ethyl-2-pyrrolidinone-substituted flavan-3-ols from L-theanine.




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